boon to parents and teachers, a simple technique taught in early
childhood, the abacus method originated in China. It is more than
a 2000 years old art and skill. This ancient art has survived
the onslaught of time, because it is a proven technique for the
Abacus!, the word is not an uncommon word. It is now accepted
and practiced in several countries China-principally, Japan, Korea,
Taiwan, Malaysia, Singapore, India, Brunei, Australia, New Zealand,
Canada, U.K., and other countries in the Middle East. This helps
children far better in all areas where learning is required.
The program Mental Arithmetic System is only a tool to develop
the right brain. The brain is made up of two hemispheres, the
left and the right, Research on the brain science reveals that
the left hemisphere provides analytical information concerning.
Language and sound; the right hemisphere provides integral - information
process dealing with information concerning shape and space. This
program by increasing processing and is good at dealing with contribute
to the whole brain development of the individual.
Left-brain governs the right limbs and the right brain, left
limbs. Conversely the action of the limbs also has an influence
on the development of the brain. The children are from infancy
taught to use their right hand for most have the work they do
like eating and writing. So the right hand is used more than the
left hand throughout life, so the right brain function is not
well developed. The learning of Abacus mental arithmetic accelerates
the development of brain.
The brain of a six-year-old child has reached the weight of 1200
gram making up 86% of the adult brain. At this time the child
has approached the sensitive period of thinking in their visual
receptivity, aural recognition of sound and flexibility of finger
muscles. So we work with children from 4 to 12 years.
In western countries today, the abacus is seen chiefly as a kindergarten-teaching
tool. In the Middle East, Russia, and the Orient, however, it
is still very much a part of modern life, used not only by tradesmen
but also by business offices and even by racetrack cashiers. The
Russian abacus is a frame of ten undivided rods holding ten beads
each, called the s'choty. A somewhat similar abacus is called
a cherub by the Armenians, and coulba by Turks. This type apparently
developed among the Arabs or Persians and was carried northward
to Russia in comparatively recent times.
As a result of more efficient design and methods of operation,
the use of the abacus has actually been increasing in Japan in
recent decades. The use of the abacus is part of the arithmetic
curriculum in grade schools; Japanese abacisats are recognized
as skilled professionals, trained in special schools and licensed
as first-grade, second-grade, or third-grade operators according
to speed and accuracy.
The speed and accuracy of abacus calculations was demonstrated
in 1946 in Japan in a contest held between a Japanese soroban
expert and a highly skilled desk-calculator operator selected
by competition among U.S.Army payroll clerks. The abacus came
out ahead in addition, subtraction, division, and problems involving
combinations of these operations. The electronic calculator won
only the multiplication contest.